Markets Rise as Rally Continues for October

Market Updates

Markets Rise as Rally Continues for October

The S&P 500’s upward trajectory has slowed since the beginning of the month, but U.S. stocks remain strong overall.

October 31, 2017

Domestic equity indexes ended October in positive territory, despite a momentary slip toward the end of the month. The S&P 500’s upward trajectory has slowed since early October, but U.S. stocks remain strong overall with very few red flags, according to Raymond James Senior Research Associate Andrew Adams. Perhaps the worst thing we can say about U.S. stocks is that they may be doing “too well,” he noted.

The Federal Reserve (the Fed) is expected to leave the target range for the federal funds rate unchanged at its meeting Nov. 1, although observers see a December hike on the horizon. Any change remains data dependent. Market observers will turn a keen eye toward upcoming data releases, namely the labor report due Nov. 3 and the revised estimate for third-quarter gross domestic product.

Hurricanes Harvey and Irma had both positive and negative impacts on third quarter GDP growth, but we should see the effects unwind in the near future with no significant change to underlying trends, according to Raymond James Chief Economist Scott Brown. However, job market constraints are expected to become even more binding in the quarters ahead, potentially limiting the pace of GDP growth.

The major domestic stock indices, namely the S&P 500, NASDAQ and Dow Jones Industrial Average, all maintained strength for the month. The Dow climbed 4.34%; the NASDAQ gained 3.57%; the Russell 2000 was up almost 1%; and the S&P 500 gained 2.22%. The international EAFE was up 1.33% for the month.


12/30/16 Close

10/31/17 Close

Change YTD

Gain/Loss YTD











S&P 500










Russell 2000





Bloomberg Barclays U.S. Aggregate Bond Index





Performance reflects price returns as of 4:30 EDT on October 31, 2017.

Here’s a look at what else is going on in the economy and capital markets, as well as key factors we are watching:


  • The Senate and House have each narrowly passed a budget blueprint. The road to tax cuts is expected to be difficult, but not impossible, with some haste to complete the process quickly.
  • Fed policy decisions will remain data-dependent, but the financial markets have widely factored in another rate increase in mid-December.
  • President Trump is expected to nominate current Fed governor Jerome Powell to replace Janet Yellen as Fed chair. That should be a comfortable choice for the financial markets.
  • Job growth is expected to bounce back from hurricane-related disruptions, but a tighter job market is expected to restrain the pace of job gains into 2018.
  • After weakening in the first half of the year, the exchange rate of the dollar has improved, but that partly reflects shifting policy expectations for foreign central banks.


  • If the S&P 500 makes it through Nov. 10 without falling 3% from a previous high, it’ll mark the longest rally on record without a decline of that magnitude, Adams notes.
  • The U.S. stock market has been good, but is now approaching a point where it will be unprecedentedly good. That does not mean that stocks will experience a significant correction, but historical odds do favor some increase in downside volatility soon, Adams suggests.
  • The recent 30th anniversary of the 1987 stock crash reminded Chief Investment Strategist Jeff Saut that careful investing is especially important when markets are trending up. “When the odds are tipped in our favor, we tend to err on the side of caution,” he wrote in recent commentary.


  • Europe continues to face geopolitical challenges, particularly around the Catalan region’s attempt to achieve independence from Spain and Britain’s attempts to exit the European Union, according to Raymond James European Strategist Chris Bailey*.
  • The political turmoil may overshadow an improving economic picture, which appears sufficient to allow the European Central Bank to announce a formal reduction in stimulus.
  • Europe continues to offer recovery potential and typically lower valuations to many global investors but political uncertainty continues to persist, which could hinder the implementation of much-needed economic reform legislation.
  • Meanwhile in Asia, the Chinese National People’s Congress consolidated behind President Xi Jinping and his economic reform agenda, which – at face value – is a positive for global growth levels, Bailey suggests.
  • Despite recent economic struggles, Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan won a majority of votes in the recent election, likely as a result of weak and divided opposition, and has reiterated a commitment to ongoing changes to boost the Japanese economy.

Fixed Income

  • The Treasury yield curve, which has been flattening steadily since the start of the year, is beginning to level off. The last three Fed rate hikes have failed to significantly affect Treasury rates 10 years and out. The 10- and 30-year rates are currently about where they started the year.
  • The world’s central banks have continued to push monetary easing, increasing the combined net size of their assets to over $19.3 trillion – money basically created out of thin air. This free flow money is influencing the markets and will do so as long as open market purchases continue.
  • The bond markets are not being driven strictly on economic data. Geopolitical factors such as those occurring in Spain, the United Kingdom and China are influencing investors as well as the pending appointment of the new chairperson for the Fed, said Senior Fixed Income Strategist Doug Drabik.

Bottom Line

  • Over the longer term, investors may want to consider redeploying cash to take advantage of the tailwinds that have served equity investors so well over the course of this secular advance, Saut suggests.
  • Savvy investors understand that some gyrations are normal for markets, and that risk is best managed through appropriate asset allocation, balancing riskier growth assets with negatively correlated fixed income assets and other investments.

Your advisor will continue to watch for any changes or shifts that could affect your financial plan. In the meantime, please contact your advisor if you have any questions.

*An affiliate of Raymond James & Associates and Raymond James Financial Services.

Investing involves risk, and investors may incur a profit or a loss. All expressions of opinion reflect the judgment of the Research Department of Raymond James & Associates, Inc., and are subject to change. Past performance is not an indication of future results and there is no assurance that any of the forecasts mentioned will occur. The Dow Jones Industrial Average is an unmanaged index of 30 widely held stocks. The NASDAQ Composite Index is an unmanaged index of all common stocks listed on the NASDAQ National Stock Market. The S&P 500 is an unmanaged index of 500 widely held stocks. The MSCI EAFE (Europe, Australia, Far East) index is an unmanaged index that is generally considered representative of the international stock market. The Russell 2000 is an unmanaged index of small cap securities. The Bloomberg Barclays US Aggregate Bond Index is a broad-based flagship benchmark that measures the investment grade, U.S. dollar-denominated, fixed-rate taxable bond market. An investment cannot be made in these indexes.

International investing involves additional risks such as currency fluctuations, differing financial accounting standards, and possible political and economic instability. These risks are greater in emerging markets. Small and mid-cap securities generally involve greater risks. Companies engaged in business related to a specific sector are subject to fierce competition and their products and services may be subject to rapid obsolescence. There are additional risks associated with investing in an individual sector, including limited diversification. The performance noted does not include fees or charges, which would reduce an investor's returns. Asset allocation and diversification do not guarantee a profit nor protect against a loss. Debt securities are subject to credit risk. A downgrade in an issuer’s credit rating or other adverse news about an issuer can reduce the market value of that issuer’s securities. When interest rates rise, the market value of these bonds will decline, and vice versa. While interest on municipal bonds is generally exempt from federal income tax, it may be subject to the federal alternative minimum tax, state or local taxes.

View more

Back to Top

Uncertainty Ahead as August Begins?
Uncertainty Ahead as August Begins? READ READ

What Rising Oil Prices Mean for Energy Investors
What Rising Oil Prices Mean for Energy Investors READ READ

Upbeat End to Raucous Quarter
Upbeat End to Raucous Quarter READ READ